The President of the Republic, Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, has once more asked for the United Nations Security Council to be reformed, claiming that the existing system is unfair to African nations.
President Akufo-Addo stated that the Security Council is restricted by its antiquated structure and processes, which impede attempts to address current concerns in the most effective way, on Wednesday, November 10, 2022, at a gathering hosted by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation in New York.
“The conversations around reforms, which have been going on for three decades without an end in sight, must, therefore, yield real changes to the structures of the Council to make it innovative in its approach,” he said.
According to the President, the current structure of the UN Security Council represents a long-standing injustice toward the countries of Africa, and the time is long overdue in addressing it.
“It is obvious that the contemporary world has moved on significantly from the post-1945 world, which gave rise to the birth of the United Nations and the structure of the Security Council. The world of 2022, and even less that of 2050, is not the world of 1945. The crisis of the multilateral financial institutions and the United Nations system, which were born from the rubble of the Second World War, is a deep crisis,” President Akufo-Addo said.
He continued, “It will continue until a fair system is put in place; a system that reflects the new balances, no longer based on who lost or won the Second World War, but on the major contemporary and future balances. These balances must take into account new realities such as demographic dynamics or access to resources, in a context of scarcity.”
In its current state, the President noted that the Security Council is finding it increasingly difficult to propagate the rule of law and democratic principles.
“The use of the veto as an instrument of great power and interest is denuding the Security Council of a great deal of legitimacy as the principal instrument for the maintenance of international peace and security. The African Common Position on UN Reform, based on the Ezulwini Consensus, is of even greater relevance today than it has ever been. It is essential that it be brought back to the centre of global discourse,” he stressed.
The only way the Security Council will be able to effectively confront the problems of our day, according to President Akufo-Addo, is through the changes outlined in the African Common Position.
“And the Council can only remain credible, legitimate, and relevant by its success in preserving world peace and security,” he continued.